• Over 45,000 boat migrants reached Italy in 2013. The deaths of over 500 in two shipwrecks in early October highlighted the need for more effective and coordinated EU rescue operations. A subsequent Italian naval operation has saved hundreds of lives. Authorities summarily return to Greece unaccompanied migrant children and adult asylum seekers who stow away on ferries.  Serious concerns persist about inadequate reception facilities for asylum seekers and substandard conditions in immigration detention. Roma endure evictions from informal camps, segregation, and discrimination. The repeated racist slurs faced by the nation’s first black minister highlighted wider intolerance. Italy was the first EU country to ratify the ILO Convention on Decent Work for Domestic Workers.

  • On the dock in Port Augusta, Sicily, weary sub-Saharan migrants await an initial health screening after three days at sea. (September 2014)
    Reports of 400 lives lost in the Mediterranean between April 11-13, 2015, should force the European Union to implement a vast search-and-rescue operation.


  • Summary Returns of Unaccompanied Migrant Children and Adult Asylum Seekers from Italy to Greece
  • Racist and Xenophobic Violence in Italy
  • Italy's Forced Return of Boat Migrants and Asylum Seekers, Libya's Mistreatment of Migrants and Asylum Seekers