This report is the result of intense collaboration among all members of Human Rights Watch’s International Justice Program. Param-Preet Singh and Elizabeth Evenson, both counsel in the International Justice Program, and Elise Keppler, senior counsel in the International Justice Program, wrote this report. Joshua Franco, Leonard H. Sandler Fellow in the International Justice Program, and Caroline Baudot and Katherine Orlovsky, both former consultants in the International Justice Program, provided drafting assistance as well.

Richard Dicker, director, and Géraldine Mattioli, advocacy director in the International Justice Program, provided considerable guidance and input in devising and editing all parts of the report. Alison Des Forges, senior advisor in the Africa Division; Anneke Van Woudenberg and Leslie Lefkow, both senior researchers in the Africa Division; and Jo Becker, advocacy director in the Children’s Rights Division, reviewed sections of the report. James Ross, director of Legal and Policy, conducted legal review and Ian Gorvin, senior program officer in the Program Office, conducted program review. Cassandra Mikicic, associate for the International Justice Program and Children’s Rights Division, and interns Julia Turvey, Jake Hirsch-Allen, Andrew Iliff, and Camille Guiberteau provided valuable research assistance. Sarah Jackson, associate for the Africa Division, and former intern Florence Ferrari provided logistical support for our mission to Congo. Mia Psorn, associate for the International Justice Program, and Cassandra Mikicic provided production assistance, and Grace Choi and Fitzroy Hepkins prepared the report for publication. The report was translated into French by Françoise Denayer and vetted by intern Caroline Barbot, Camille Guiberteau, Cassandra Mikicic, and Géraldine Mattioli.

The field missions cited in this report were conducted throughout 2007. In February-March 2007, Elise Keppler and Richard Dicker conducted interviews in Kampala and northern Uganda; in April-May and July 2007, Joanna Evans, former counsel in the International Justice Program, Géraldine Mattioli, and Anneke Van Woudenberg conducted interviews in Ituri, North Kivu, and Kinshasa in DRC. In July 2007, Sara Darehshori, senior counsel in the International Justice Program; Aisling Reidy, senior legal advisor; and Olivier Bercault, counsel in the Emergencies Division, conducted interviews in eastern Chad.

Human Rights Watch wishes to thank International Criminal Court staff in The Hague and in the field offices who consistently made themselves available to meet with us and who took considerable time to reply to our many questions. The commitment of senior ICC officials to maintaining transparency in the court’s work and their receptiveness to our input is appreciated, and we look forward to maintaining our close interaction with ICC staff in the future.

Human Rights Watch is grateful to all the individuals who provided information for this report, particularly those in affected communities who so generously shared their experiences with us. We are also grateful for the valuable research assistance of the law firm Weil, Gotshal and Manges LLP, including their significant efforts to provide us with updates on ICC jurisprudence.

The International Justice Program would like to express appreciation to the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the JEHT Foundation for their support of our program.