February 3, 2011


Samer Muscati, researcher in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Division of Human Rights Watch, authored this report based on research conducted in Iraq with consultant Olivier Bercault in April 2010. Nadya Khalife, Middle East and North Africa researcher in the

Women's Rights Division (WRD), conducted subsequent research in Kurdistan in June 2010.

The report was reviewed and edited by Joe Stork, Deputy Director of the Middle East and North Africa division, Nadya Khalife, Bill Frelick, Refugee Program director, Shantha Rau Barriga, Disability Rights researcher and advocate, and Zama Coursen-Neff, Deputy Director of the Children's Rights Division. Clive Baldwin, senior legal advisor, and Cassandra Cavanaugh, program consultant, provided legal and program reviews.

Human Rights Watch wishes to thank consultants Daniel W. Smith and Yousif al-Timimi, who were instrumental in organizing the mission and conducting follow-up research in Iraq.

Amr Khairy, Arabic language website and translation coordinator, arranged for translation of this report into Arabic. Caitlin Boehne and Emilly Krehm, interns for the MENA and WRD, respectively, assisted with research. Adam Coogle, MENA Division associate, prepared this report for publication. Additional production assistance was provided by Grace Choi, publications director, Veronica Matushaj, creative director, Anna Lopriore, creative manager, Elena Testi, video producer, and Fitzroy Hepkins, mail manager.

Human Rights watch also thanks Hanaa Edwar and the staff at the Iraqi Al-Amal Association; the Journalistic Freedoms Observatory; the Women Leadership Institute; the Hammurabi Org. for Human Rights & Democracy Monitoring; the Organization of Women's Freedom in Iraq; journalist Kamal Chomani; and former Minister of Human Rights Wijdan Michael Salim and the ministry's staff for their assistance in facilitating Human Rights Watch's research mission.