This report is based on a two-week research mission conducted to Yemen during July 2009 by Peter Bouckaert, emergencies director at Human Rights Watch, Christoph Wilcke, senior researcher in Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division, and Amr Khairy, web and translation coordinator. Peter Bouckaert wrote the report, with additional input from Christoph Wilcke. Joe Stork, deputy director of the Middle East and North Africa division of Human Rights Watch, Clive Baldwin, Senior Legal Advisor, and Andrew Mawson, deputy program director reviewed the report. Human Rights Watch thanks Yemeni human rights activists and Southern Movement activists for their cooperation with our research mission. Human Rights Watch interns Rana Rizk, Lara Haddad, Tino Camarda, and Bassa’ir Ali provided additional research assistance. This report was prepared for production by Nadia Barhoum, associate for the Middle East and North Africa Division, Grace Choi, publications director, and Fitzroy Hepkins, mail manager. Amr Khairy provided Arabic translation and production assistance.