To the Government of National Unity
develop and enact legal reforms as required under the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement (CPA) including revisions to the National Security Act and the
Press and Publications Act, and the establishment of a National Human
support in accordance with obligations under the CPA to train and equip
Joint Integrated Units (JIUs) and Joint Integrated Police Units (JIPUs)
(deployed in Abyei) and ensure they protect and implement human rights and
are held accountable for human rights violations.
To the Government of Southern Sudan
soldiers accountable for all crimes against civilians including human
rights violations committed in the course of duty. The Sudan People's Liberation
Army (SPLA) should issue clear instructions to commanders that soldiers
will be prosecuted for any crimes they commit against civilians, including
illegally (or arbitrarily) arresting and detaining civilians. It should
promulgate an enforceable code of conduct and ensure the code is
disseminated to all soldiers.
police accountable for human rights violations. The Southern Sudan Police
Service should establish transparent accountability mechanisms, accessible
to civilians, and ensure police are prosecuted for crimes they commit
including illegal (or arbitrary) arrests and detentions. The GoSS should
enact the Police Act and promulgate an enforceable code of conduct.
Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development should
proactively supervise criminal investigations and ensure all detentions
are legal. The Judiciary of Southern Sudan should, on its own accord, review
all detentions at regular intervals to determine the legality and
necessity of detention, and order release of detainees if none exists.
judiciary, the Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development,
or any other legally mandated body such the Southern Sudan Human Rights
Commission should regularly inspect all places of detention including
police stations, military installations, and jails operated by traditional
the police force with equipment and training in their appropriate roles
and responsibilities, particularly within the criminal justice system. To
the extent possible, increase their deployment numbers throughout Southern
soldiers who are deployed to perform policing functions are trained in
human rights and basic elements of policing.
that government committees investigating human rights violations produce
reports that are transparently shared within legislative organs and
published for communities.
the Southern Sudan Human Rights Commission, Anti-Corruption Commission,
and Land Commissions are enabled with appropriate legislation and made effective
and operational in all States.
To the United Nations and International Donors
both parties to the CPA, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and the
Government of Sudan, to provide support to the Joint Integrated Units and
Joint Integrated Police Units (deployed in Abyei) and ensure they uphold
human rights and are held accountable for human rights violations.
the need for increased support to the rule of law sector in Southern Sudan
including more support for training police and soldiers in their roles and
responsibilities, and projects that improve prison conditions,
particularly for vulnerable groups.
UNMIS should strengthen its civilian protection role and revise internal
military directives accordingly. It should increase its monitoring of
volatile areas in Southern Sudan especially in the three transitional
areas governed by separate protocols to the CPA (Abyei, Southern Kordofan,
and Blue Nile).
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and United Nations
Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) should deploy more human rights officers across
Southern Sudan, especially in disputed border areas and areas prone to
frequent communal conflict, and provide regular public reporting on human
the Government of National Unity (GNU) to engage in a transparent legal
reform process prioritizing reforms to the National Security Act and Press
and Publications Act and establishing a National Human Rights Commission.
technical support to the National Human Rights Commission when it is
formed and to the Southern Sudan Human Rights, Anti-Corruption, and Land
Commissions and assist them to become effective and operational in all ten