March 25, 2014

Appendix 1: A Sampling of Blocked Websites in Ethiopia

Because Internet filtering is not transparent in Ethiopia, it can be difficult to separate transient network issues that may make a website inaccessible from deliberate interference by the telecom operator or another third party. However, the testing methodology developed by Citizen Lab prioritizes the minimization of false positives. This list is not comprehensive and only provides a sampling of the websites found to be blocked in 2013 testing. The absence of a website from the list of blocked URLs does not necessarily mean the site is accessible in Ethiopia. In addition, because the list of websites tested is not comprehensive, results may underestimate the extent of material that is blocked.

Category

URL

Website

Content

Blog

http://yekolotemari.blog.com

Aqumada

Personal blog

Blog

http://www.ethiopundit.blogspot.com

Ethiopundit

Ethiopia-related blog

Blog

http://www.seminawork.blogspot.com

Ethio-Zagol Post: The State of Ethiopia

Ethiopia-related political blog

Blog

http://www.mediaethiopia.com/blog/

MediaEthiopia.com

Ethiopia-related political blog

Blog

http://www.mesfinwoldemariam.org

Mesfin Woldemariam

Site is Under Construction

Blog

http://www.meskelsquare.com

Meskel square

Ethiopia-related blog by a London-based journalist

Blog

Tegbar

Ethiopia-related blog

Chat room

http://www.cyberethiopia.com/warka4/

Cyber Ethiopia, Hanina

Chat rooms for CyberEthiopia

Media

http://www.addisnegeronline.com

Addis Neger

Official website of the Ethiopian Addis Neger newspaper

Media

http://www.addisvoice.com

Addis Voice

Ethiopian media aggregator website

Media

http://www.cyberethiopia.com

CyberEthiopia

CyberEthiopia.com is registered as a non-profit association in Geneva, Switzerland

Media

http://www.debteraw.com

Debteraw: Ethiopian News and Politics Journal

Ethiopia-related political website started by Ethiopians residing in London

Media

http://www.ethiomedia.com/index.html

Ethiomedia.com

Ethiopia related media site

Media

http://ethiox.com

Ethiopia Exchange

Ethiopia and Horn of Africa related news, articles, and opinions

Media

http://www.ethioforum.org

Ethiopian Media Forum

Ethiopia and Horn of Africa related news analysis created by exiled journalists

Media

http://ethiopianreview.com

Ethiopian Review

Ethiopian media website

Media

http://ethsat.com/

Ethiopian Satellite Television

Ethiopia-related media site

Media

http://www.gambelatoday.com/

Gambela Today

Website for news organization based in the US

Media

http://www.goolgule.com/

Golgul

Mainly Amharic language Ethiopia-related media site

Media

http://www.ethiopians.com/hright.html

Human Rights Files Pertaining to Ethiopia

Reports on human rights abuses in Ethiopia

Media

http://www.ethiopians.com

MediaEthiopia.com

Ethiopia related news, articles, and opinions

Media

http://www.mediaethiopia.com

MediaEthiopia.com

Ethiopia-related media site

Media

http://nazret.com

Nazret.com

Ethiopian media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=9

Nazret.com, AddisFerengi

French section of the Ethiopian Media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=14

Nazret.com, Afan Oromo

Afan Oromo language section of the Ethiopian media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=12

Nazret.com, Commentary

Commentary - useful tips for co-existence and prosperity section of the Ethiopian media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=16

Nazret.com, Community Bulletin

Community Bulletin section of the Ethiopian media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=15

Nazret.com, Merkato

Merkato Blog - marketplace for ideas section of the Ethiopian media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=7

Nazret.com, Sport

Sports section of the Ethiopian Media site

Media

http://nazret.com/blog/index.php?blog=13

Nazret.com, Urael

Business section of the Ethiopian media site

Media

http://www.ogaden.com

Ogaden Online

Media site for Ogaden in particular and the Horn of Africa region

Media

http://www.oromia.org

Oromia Online

Ethiopia and Oromia specific media website

Media

http://www.quatero.net

Quatero News and Views

Ethiopian media website

Media

http://www.tigrai.org

Tigray.net

Tigray media website

Media

http://www.tzta.ca

TZTA

Ethiopia-related news site based in Canada

Nongovernmental organization

http://www.anuakjustice.org

Anuak Justice Council

Non-profit organization representing the Anuak people of Gambella, Ethiopia

Nongovernmental organization

http://www.socepp.de

Solidarity Committee for Ethiopian Political Prisoners

Information on the human rights situation in Ethiopia

Nongovernmental organization

http://solidaritymovement.org/

Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia

Website for social justice movement in Ethiopia

Armed opposition movement

http://www.eppf.net

Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front

Official website of the Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front

Banned opposition movement

http://www.ginbot7.com

Official Site for Ginbot 7 Movement for Justice, Freedom, and Democracy

Official website for political opposition movement

Banned armed opposition movement

http://www.onlf.org

Ogaden National Liberation Front Website

Website for ONLF social and political movement

Banned armed opposition movement

http://www.oromoliberationfront.org

Oromo Liberation Front

Website for OLF political movement and information on Oromia

Unregistered opposition party

http://www.eprp.com

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP)

Official website of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party

Unregistered opposition party

http://www.medhin.org

Medhin

The Ethiopian Medhin Democratic Party official website