March 25, 2014


This report was researched and written by Felix Horne, researcher in the Africa division and Cynthia Wong, senior Internet researcher at Human Rights Watch. It was edited by Leslie Lefkow, deputy director of the Africa division and Arvind Ganesan, director of the business and human rights division. James Ross, legal and policy director, and Babatunde Olugboji, deputy program director, provided legal and program review. Jessica Evans, senior researcher/advocate for International Financial Institutions reviewed the section on international donors, and Nicholas Bequelin, senior researcher in the Asia division reviewed sections on Chinese firms.

Report production and editorial assistance was provided by Darcy Milburn, senior associate in the business and human rights division; Kathy Mills, publications specialist; and Fitzroy Hepkins, administrative manager.

Internet filtering and malware testing was carried out in partnership with researchers at the University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab.

Human Rights Watch would like to thank partners at Citizen Lab, especially Bill Marczak, Electronic Frontier Foundation, and Privacy International for their assistance and support. We also thank all of the individuals who shared their experiences, despite concern of reprisals, for making this report possible.