December 11, 2013


This report was written by Megan McLemore, senior researcher in the Health and Human Rights Division. The report was reviewed at Human Rights Watch by Joseph Amon, director of the Health and Human Rights Division, Graeme Reid, director of the LGBT Program, Alison Parker, director of the US Program, and Meghan Rhoad, researcher in the Women’s Rights Division, James Ross, legal and policy director, and Babatunde Olugboji, deputy program director. Research assistance was provided by Margaret Wurth, research assistant with Human Rights Watch; Laura Iris Mattes and Chelsea Edwards, interns in Human RightsWatch’s New York office; and research and logistical assistance was provided by Freddy Gonzales, intern in New Orleans. Production assistance was provided by Jennifer Pierre, associate, Grace Choi, publications director, Kathy Mills, publication specialist, Fitzroy Hepkins, administrative manager, and Amanda Bailly, multimedia producer.

Human Rights Watch gratefully acknowledges the invaluable assistance of individuals and organizations who made this report possible, including Deon Haywood, Zina Mitchell and the staff of Women with a Vision, Wes Ware and the members of BreakOUT!, Tela Love, Fran Lawless, Vatsana Chantala, Brandi Bowen, Noel Twilbeck, Narquis Barak, Megan McIntyre, Megan Coleman-Watkin and many staff members at NO/AIDS Task Force, Virginia Ryan, Stella Cziment, Jee Park, John Flemming and Claire Gutekanst at the Orleans Public Defenders, Oscar Salinas, Jane and Marika from SWOP New Orleans, all of the peer interviewers, and many others. Human Rights Watch extends a special note of thanks to Russell Brewer, Snigdha Mukherjee and Scott Hunter of the Louisiana Public Health Institute for their assistance with data analysis.

Most of all, Human Rights Watch thanks the courageous people who shared their experiences for publication in this report.