Omani authorities restricted the right to freedom of expression through the use of criminal defamation laws. Despite a royal pardon on March, activists convicted on charges of “insulting the Sultan” and participating in unauthorized protests, officials continued to harass and detain pro-reform activists, creating little opportunity for citizens to impact the government and its policies. Omani authorities restricted the right to freedom of assembly, using force to break up peaceful demonstrations, and arresting individuals present at protests. Although Oman’s constitution bans discrimination based on gender, women and girls faced discrimination in family law.
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